is a country so mountainous that some of its peaks have not even been
named. The people of Kyrgyzstan do not even know themselves how many
mountains they have. Ninety-five percent of the country is covered
with mountains, and some of the highest peaks in the world can be
found in Kyrgyzstan. Still relatively unknown as a tourist
destination, Kyrgyzstan?s nature is unexplored and unspoiled.
places are unique, and it is hard to compare the beauty of one country
to the beauty of another. Kyrgyzstan?s mountainous landscape has
been compared to that of Switzerland. With its high snowcapped peaks
and blooming valleys, Kyrgyzstan does in some way resemble
Switzerland. But the resemblance ends there. Kyrgyzstan?s people,
culture and cuisine are unmistakably Central Asian.
Kyrgyz Republic is a mountainous country. Ninety-four percent of the
country is over 1,000 m above sea level and about forty-one percent is
over 3,000 m. An average elevation is 2,750 m; the highest elevation
is 7,439 m; and the lowest is 401 m. Colossal amplitudes of
absolute heights, intricate relief, long geological evolution and
other factors have determined the diversity of natural conditions and
the abundance of natural resources. All native zones natural of the
northern hemisphere can be found here, except tropical.
mountain ranges and vast closed and half-closed intermountain troughs
different in their landscapes and economic use determine general
appearance and natural peculiarities of the country. The most elevated
part of the republic terrain is in its eastern borderland. Here the
mountain junction bordering China culminates at Tien Shan mountain
system's highest points: Pobeda Peak (7,439 m) and Khan-Tengri (6,995
m). From here, the fan-shaped ranges ramify westwards and
southwestwards to form isolated parallel chains stretching up to 400
km, mainly latitudinally. Heightsgodowninthesamedirection (from 7,000
mto 1,000 m).
highest and strongest ranges reaching 4,500 m-7,000 m are located in
Tien Shan borderlands. These are Kashtaal-Too in southeast; Alai and
Turkestan ranges in southwest; Talas and Kyrgyz ranges in northwest
and north; Kungei Ala-Too in northeast. The southern border with
Tajikistan lies along the Chon-Alay (Trans-Alay) Range where Lenin
Peak (7,134 m), Kyrgyzstan's second highest point, is located.
terrain belongs to Ural-Mongolian belt that is very old geologically.
Palaeozoic and late Age of Mammals were the most important evolution
stages for Tien Shan. The country's modern mountain relief emerged
during the latter. Orogenic processes are still ging on, which is
witnessed by eqthquakes.
of celestial mountains
are giant-like mountainous ranges, that were extended on many hundreds
kilometers here. They are climbing to altitudes, sticking by the acute
tops in celestial blue by majestic rocky spikes. The Pick Pobeda, for
example, reaches 7439 meters of an altitude, Hahn - Tengry - 6995 m.
The important rivers of Central Asia begin from the mountains of
is one of the most picturesque regions of Central Asia on the
geographic position. You see over two thirds of its territory is held
by mountains, and therefore the variety of landscapes, vegetative and
fauna, climatic contrasts, making high-altitude natural zones. Here it
is possible to see desert and steppe,
fields and gardens of fertile submontanous valleys, where are
cultivated sugar beet, cotton, wheat, corn, tobacco, the peaches,
apricots, apples, pears and grapes ripen. There are the dense juniper,
hips, honeysuckle, barberries, currant and mountain ash above the
valleys on mountains. The indelible impression is left with majestic
charm of narrow mountainous gorges, covered with dense forests of
graceful Tien-Shan fur-trees, occasionally by any miracle retained
above vertical rocky walls. At a considerable altitude, between
of serrated mountainous ridges, which unexpectedly are emerging
the great and equal plateaus ? subalpine and Alpine meadows with a
bright, speckled carpet of colors arresting a look by beauty of the
forms, paintings, tints. It is a summer pastures - djailoo, where from
time immemorial are grazed block of sheep and herds of the horses. And
the above, there are everlasting green top of mountains and glaciers.
The sparkling snows are amazingly combined with juicy greens of the
Alpine meadows and red - brown ?sunburn? of acute unapproachable
rocks, burning by the singing sun and dry breathing of hot deserts of
there are a lot of rivers, waterfalls and lakes in mountains. The
turquoise smooth of these lakes, noise waterfalls and rumble of the
rough rivers are unforgettable, gushing out in powerless fury among
rocks, seeking to escape on spaciousness of valleys and generously
scattering around of itself diamond?s splashes. It is pleasant to
listen in silence of gorges argentine chiming of mountainous rivers.
mountains of Kyrgyzstan are beautiful in winter too, when a fur-tree
are fixed in a quiet weather, they are having high-gravity lowered to
ground the furry branches, which have been pressed down by snow, and
the trees seem by any mysterious fantastic figures in white attires,
sparkling on the sun.
fauna is rich too. There are above 400 kinds of animals and birds on
its territory. From the privalkov to the alpine zone it is possible to
see graceful, timid roe deers, in rocky gorges ? immovable martens,
floppy and evasive animal. There are ferment numerous herds of the
wild rams on mountains and mountainous horses or ?too-teke ?. For a
line of eternal snows strong and artful predator - snow porpoise,
there are nested big eagles on unapproachable rocks huge, there is an
infrequent bird - ular. In mountains it is possible to see and tracks
of a Tien-Shan bear. The wild boars live in walnut- fruit forests and
especially in the south of country, among the growth of junipers and
in a zone of fur-tree forests. The pheasants live in valleys, and
there is possible to see the mountainous Indian geese and swans on
Issyk-Kul and Son-Kul lake.
extreme brief description of the nature of Kyrgyzstan - country of